PRONUNCIATION: (pak-TOH-lee-uhn)

MEANING: adjective: Golden; lavish.

ETYMOLOGY: After Pactolus (now called Sart Çayı), a river in ancient Lydia (in modern Turkey), known for its golden sands. Earliest documented use: 1586.

NOTES: According to the legend, King Midas bathed in the river Pactolus to get rid of his golden touch, really a golden curse. Midas’s story has given us such terms as Midas touch and Midas-eared. It was this golden sand that supposedly made Croesus rich.

PECTOLIAN - pertaining to sternal alcohol

PACTOLICAN - a pelican with an overstuffed pouch

CACTOLIAN - derived from cactus oil