"You see, monsieur, what the New World has to do with the bottles which are on the commode and the wardrobe. Now, will you taste our wine, and without prejudice say what you think of it?

Commode is a word not commonly seen today, much less heard.
So the definition the translator had in mind is not clear, but is probably number 3.

5Fr, chest of drawers, orig., convenient, suitable < L commodus, suitable: see COM3 & MODE6
1 a high headdress worn by women around 1700
2 a chest of drawers
3 a small, low table with drawers or cabinet space: also commode table
4 a movable washstand
5 a kind of chair enclosing a chamber pot
6 a toilet, or water closet