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This week's theme: verbs.

indurate (IN-doo-rayt, -dyoo-) verb tr.

1. To make hardy, inured, accustomed.

2. To make callous or unfeeling.

verb intr.

1. To make hard.

2. To become established.

adjective (IN-doo-rit, -dyoo-)

Hardened; callous; obstinate.

[From Latin indurare (to harden), from durare (to last), from durus (hard). Ultimately from the Indo-European root deru-/dreu- (to be firm) that's the source of such other words as truth, trust, betroth, tree, endure, and druid.]

See more usage examples of indurate in Vocabulary.com's dictionary.

-Anu Garg (words at wordsmith.org)

"Do you need to show exploding heads to illustrate the tragedy of war? Only, surely, if your audience is so indurated to on-screen suffering, that nothing else will pierce its hide."
Catherine Bennett; Shootists; The Guardian (London, UK); Sep 12, 1998.

"His person, though muscular, was rather attenuated than full; but every nerve and muscle appeared strung and indurated by unremitted exposure and toil."
James Fenimore Cooper; The Last of the Mohicans; 1826.


The world is a story we tell ourselves about the world. -Vikram Chandra, novelist (b. 1961)

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