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AWADmail Issue 570A Weekly Compendium of Feedback on the Words in A.Word.A.Day and Tidbits about Words and Language
From: Anu Garg (words at wordsmith.org)
The contest this week was to find a word that has two definitions that differ by a letter. Many readers misinterpreted it to find a word pair differing by a letter, such as walk/wall. That wouldn't be a very interesting contest!
This contest was much more difficult that any of our previous contests. Just a few dozen readers sent entries that qualified. Thanks to everyone for participating.
The three winners, in no particular order, are:
The small moveable ebony part of a violin bow that anchors -- and adjusts
the tension of -- the bow's horse hair is called a frog. So I offer you:
To put down:
From: Donn Neal (donnneal gmail.com)
This word, with "the" preceding it, also refers to a section of Europe straddling the Rhine. Many thousands of those who emigrated to North America during the 1700s in particular did so from the Palatine (often having been "recruited" by the Penn family) and are customarily referred to as "the Palatines".
Donn Neal, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
From: Kathy Smith (kathy.leapbaby gmail.com)
The Palatines were the German-speaking immigrants to the British colonies in America during the 18th century. Many of them settled in Pennsylvania and were called Pennsylvania Dutch by the English colonists. "Dutch" was an anglicised form of the word Deutsch. You can read about the history here.
Kathy Smith, Goodyear, Arizona
From: William Thompson (ourouse.thompson virgin.net)
In 1351 King Edward III of England created the County Palatine of Lancaster (broadly the present county of Lancashire including Manchester and Liverpool) and made Henry Grosmont the 1st Duke of Lancaster. As the duke of a County Palatine, Henry had largely autonomous powers equivalent to those of the king in matters of justice and administration.
Other counties palatine were created in Chester and Durham and the counties palatine retained some of their special privileges until quite modern times.
Bill Thompson, Now resident in Skipton, North Yorkshire, England, but still a proud Lancastrian! (See: Wars of the Roses)
From: Marty Brinsko (martilou21 verizon.net)
Though I grew up in West Virginia, I never knew the meaning of "collier" until I went away to college. Then, the small, unincorporated area near our town named "Colliers" and the road named "Colliers Way" made sense! Yes, mining had happened there, as it had through most of our beautiful (but underappreciated) state.
Marty Brinsko, St. Pete Beach, Florida
From: Susan Saunders (susansaunders2008 btinternet.com)
As well as meaning a coal miner, collier can mean a coal maker (in a way). 'Grim, the collier of Croydon' is the title of an old play from Elizabethan times. Grim, of the title, was a charcoal burner, that is, he made charcoal, the main fuel for cooking in urban households at that time. There were woods growing all around Croydon, in south London, then, and the town was a centre of charcoal production for the capital. Colliers would cut wood and burn it slowly over a number of days in enclosed mounds, till nothing but carbon, or charcoal, was left.
Susan Saunders, Teddington, UK
From: John W. Cooper (jcooper stic.net)
When the word liner is mentioned, one thinks of a majestic sleak passenger
liner such as the Queen Mary, not a lowly slow coal liner plodding a line
from Point A to Point B with a cargo of coal and then sailing back empty to
Point A. However, some colliers became quite famous, such as the following
three ships and a space shuttle named after one:
John W. Cooper, San Antonio, Texas
From: Anne Nichol (anichol mmm.com)
It occurs to me that if one had two pets to name, these would be perfect! Lares and Penates :)
Anne Nichol, London, Canada
From: Don Wilson (donjudywilson22 gmail.com)
In my college days I worked in a paper mill which had a machine which used powerful jets of water to remove the bark from logs. We called it a barker.
Don Wilson, Centralia, Washington
From: Tom Dove (tom.dove mac.com)
In 1994, I visited Port-des-Barques on the west coast of France, to see the place my Huguenot ancestor had boarded the ship that would take him to England in 1698. It was then that I realized the source of our word Debark. People and goods landed literally "from ships".
Tom Dove, Annapolis, Maryland
From: Chris Connell (cconnell cceditorial.com)
Anent Twain's evocative phrase, before Lyndon Baines Johnson was President of the United States, he was a powerbroker in the Senate. He once said the difference between a senator and a congressman was the difference between chicken salad and chicken shit.
Chris Connell, Falls Church, Virginia
A THOUGHT FOR TODAY:What is it: la is the middle, is the beginning, and the end?
Hint: It's no man, according to John Donne.
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