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#75836 - 07/12/02 03:45 PM Re: Surprise VI  
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Leyden Jar or Phial. A glass vessel partly coated, inside and out, with lead-foil, and used in electrical
experiments to receive accumulated electricity; invented by Vanleigh, of Leyden.

It was such a jar that Ben Franklin used to capture a charge from his kite string. A special
Providence having preserved him from electrocution.


#75837 - 07/12/02 03:49 PM Re: Surprise VI  
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Lia-fail (of Ireland). The Fatalé Marmor or Stone of Destiny. On, this stone the ancient Irish kings sat at
their coronation, and according to tradition, wherever that stone might be the people there would be
dominant. It was removed to Scone; and Edward removed it from Scone Abbey to London. It is kept in
Westminster Abbey under who royal throne, on which the English sovereigns sit at their coronation. (See
Coronation Chair, Scone .)

The Stone of Scone has since been returned to Scotland. I still don't know how "Scone" is pronounced
Dear jmh was going to find out for me, but so far has not done so.


#75838 - 07/12/02 03:52 PM Re: Surprise VI  
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Libel means a little book (Latin, libellus). A lampoon, a satire, or any defamatory writings. Originally it
meant a plaintiff's statement of his case, which usually “defames” the defendant.
The greater the truth, the greater the libel. The dictum of William Murray, Earl of Mansfield
(1704-1793).

Let us all abstain from libel.


#75839 - 07/12/02 03:56 PM Re: Surprise VI  
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Liberals A political term first employed in 1815, when Lord Byron and his friends set on foot the
periodical called The Liberal, to represent their views in politics, religion, and literature. The word,
however, did not come into general use till about 1831, when the Reform Bill, in Lord Grey's Ministry,
gave it prominence.

“Influenced in a great degree by the philosophy and the politics of the Continent, they [the
Whigs] endeavoured to substitute cosmopolitan for national principles, and they baptised the
new scheme of politics with the plausible name of “Liberalism.”- Disraeli, June 24, 1872.

A liberal is a politician willing to give away your money.


#75840 - 07/12/02 03:58 PM Re: Surprise VI  
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Liberia An independent republic of western Africa settled by free negroes.

Notice how few chose to take advantage of this opportunity.


#75841 - 07/12/02 04:03 PM Re: Surprise VI  
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Lictors Binders (Latin, ligo, to bind or tie). These Roman officers were so called because they bound the
hands and feet of criminals before they executed the sentence of the law. (Aulus Gellius.)


#75842 - 07/12/02 04:05 PM Re: Surprise VI  
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Lie (Anglo-Saxon, lige, a falsehood.)


#75843 - 07/12/02 04:07 PM Re: Surprise VI  
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Lie (Anglo-Saxon, licgan, to `bide or rest; but lie, to deceive, is the Anglo-Saxon verb leog-an.)


#75844 - 07/12/02 04:10 PM Re: Surprise VI  
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Liege The word means one bound, a bondsman (Latin, ligo, to bind); hence, vassals were called
liege-men- i.e. men bound to serve their lord. The lord was called the liege-lord, being bound to protect
the vassals.

“Unarmed and bareheaded, on his knees, and with his hands placed between those of his lord,
he [the military tenant] repeated these words:`Hear, my lord, I have become your liegeman of
life and limb, and earthly worship; and faith and truth I will bear to you to live and die.”-
Lingard: History of England, vol. ii. chap. i. p. 27.


#75845 - 07/12/02 04:23 PM Re: Surprise VI  
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rego park
re: Notice how few chose to take advantage of this opportunity

How true it is, you can never go home again.. for people 100 years removed from africa to return, the problems were compounded.

how simple minded to think large numbers would flock to liberia . Africa is a huge continent, yet the western world treats it like nothing.. Europe, 1/4 the size is divided up into many different countries/ethic groups, that are recognized.. (france, italy, germany, etc)

slaves came from places as different as france, italy and germany, so its not surprizing they didn't flock to create a new country in a place as different from where they came from as ireland is from italy!


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