## Wordsmith Talk |
About Us | What's New | Search | Site Map | Contact Us | |||

You are not logged in. [Log In] Wordsmith.org » Forums » General Topics » Q&A about words » Suffix "-esimal" Register User Forum List Calendar Active Topics Search FAQ

Topic Options

#193883 - 11/08/10 10:10 AM Suffix "-esimal"

veteran

Registered: 01/23/02

Posts: 1523

Loc: Virginia, USA (Mostly from http://www.etymonline.com/)

Finite comes from Latin for "boundary."

"In-" as in "infinite" means "without," so "infinite" is "without boundary."

"-tude" as in "infinitude" is "state" or "state of" so "infinitude" is "state of infinity"

"-y" as in "infinity" means "quality or condition or state"

(etymology 3 at http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/-y)

So "infinity" is "state of being infinite."

Same for "-ness."

Apparently, neither "-y" nor '-ness' is Latin. (Not that I care - just observing.)

However, I'm not sure where "-esimal" comes in. "Infinitesimal" was coined (according to the refs and what I've heard) by Leibniz. Seems to mean something like "part of." So infinitesimal could mean "infinith part of" which seems to fit.

Any ideas?

Top

#193884 - 11/08/10 10:53 AM Re: Suffix "-esimal"[Re: TheFallibleFiend]

Carpal Tunnel

Registered: 08/13/05

Posts: 3290

Loc: R'lyeh Latin -esimus means the same as English -th, i.e., ordinal rank: e.g., centesimus '100th', millesimus '1000th'. Infnitesimal means something like 'the infinith (rank)'. There are examples in Classical Latin of -esimus being used with non-numbers: e.g., multesimus 'trifling',_________________________

Ceci n'est pas un seing.

Top

#193895 - 11/08/10 03:40 PM Re: Suffix "-esimal"[Re: TheFallibleFiend]

veteran

Registered: 01/23/02

Posts: 1523

Loc: Virginia, USA Makes sense. Archimedes developed a method of computing areas under a curve by dividing the area into a bunch of rectangles. Of course this is only an approximation, depending on how you draw the rectangles, the actual area is slightly more or less than the sum of the rectangles. http://www.squarecirclez.com/blog/riemann-sums/4715

OTOH, if you take the width of each rectangle to be an very small, and then perform the sum, the error is arbitrarily small, approaching zero in the (infinitesimal) limit.

Top

#193937 - 11/10/10 09:30 AM Re: Suffix "-esimal"[Re: TheFallibleFiend]

veteran

Registered: 01/23/02

Posts: 1523

Loc: Virginia, USA So anyway the definition of integrate at

http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=integrate

is "to put together parts or elements and combine them into a whole." In the mathematical sense, it's clear that integration is a putting together of the elements (long thin rectangles) to determine the whole (sum) of the area under a curve.

In the social sense, racial integration is also making a whole of the separated parts of society.

Top

Moderator: Jackie

Forum Stats 8941Members

16Forums

13865Topics

222049Posts

Max Online: 3341 @ 12/09/11 02:15 PM

Newest Members SSD, poeticalPolitics, SAISPURTHY19, poster, hunsister

8941 Registered Users

Who's Online 0 registered (), 45 Guests and 3 Spiders online. Key:Admin, Global Mod, Mod

Top Posters (30 Days)

endymion6 100 LukeJavan8 80 wofahulicodoc 68 May 54 poster 1 AkivaLane 1

Top Posters

wwh 13858 Faldage 13803 Jackie 11613 tsuwm 10538 LukeJavan8 8376 Buffalo Shrdlu 7210 wofahulicodoc 6723 AnnaStrophic 6511 Wordwind 6296 of troy 5400

Board Rules · Mark all read Contact Us · Wordsmith.org · Top

Disclaimer: Wordsmith.org is not responsible for views expressed on this site. Use of this forum is at your own risk and liability - you agree to hold Wordsmith.org and its associates harmless as a condition of using it.

Home | Today's Word | Yesterday's Word | Subscribe | FAQ | Archives | Search | Feedback

Wordsmith Talk | Wordsmith Chat© 1994-2016 Wordsmith