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cognomen (kog-NOH-mehn) noun (plural cognomens or cognomina)
1. A family name; a surname. The third and usually last name of a citizen of ancient Rome, as Caesar in Gaius Julius Caesar.
[Latin : co- + nomen, name.]
"But rarely has a theory had a less apt cognomen. Einstein's assertion in
his first breakthrough, the Special Theory of Relativity, is that central
aspects of nature are decidedly not relative--natural laws remain the
same regardless of motion, and the speed of light is an absolute for all
observers despite frame of reference."
"Since virtually all Turkish names have identifiable meanings and most of
them are also used as functional words, it may well be that Pamuk's
characters have nothing to do with connotations of their names. But,
given his passion for wordplay and symbolic value, it is safe to assume
that he uses the cognomens and eponyms as ciphers.
If a man does not make new acquaintance as he advances through life, he will soon find himself left alone. A man, Sir, should keep his friendship in constant repair. -Samuel Johnson, British lexicographer (1709-1784)