|About Us | What's New | Search | Site Map | Contact Us|
You are not logged in. [Log In] Wordsmith.org » Forums » General Topics » Q&A about words » Shark adjective Register User Forum List Calendar Active Topics Search FAQ
#207978 - 11/11/12 05:37 AM Shark adjective
We often hear the word "sharklike" to describe a person, but what is the Latin-derived word for this (in the way that leonine is used for lions)? ANy suggestions?
#207979 - 11/11/12 07:51 AM Re: Shark adjective [Re: gaijin]
Loc: Netherlands, the Hague
Welcome! It shows from this Etymlogy Online site that not all words have met with Latin in the past:
1560s, of uncertain origin; apparently the word and the first specimen were brought to London by Capt. John Hawkins's second expedition (landed 1565; see Hakluyt).
There is no proper name for it that I knowe, but that sertayne men of Captayne Haukinses doth call it a 'sharke' [handbill advertising an exhibition of the specimen, 1569]
The meaning "dishonest person who preys on others," though only attested from 1599 (sharker in this sense is from 1594), may be the original sense, later applied to the large, voracious marine fish. It is possibly from Ger. Schorck, a variant of Schurke "scoundrel, villain," agent noun of M.H.G. schürgen (Ger. schüren) "to poke, stir." The English word was applied to voracious or predatory persons, on the image of the fish, from 1707 (originally of pick-pockets); loan shark is attested from 1905. Sharkskin was used for binding books, etc. As the name of a type of fabric held to resemble it, it is recorded from 1932.
There is the ordinary Brown Shark, or sea attorney, so called by sailors; a grasping, rapacious varlet, that in spite of the hard knocks received from it, often snapped viciously at our steering oar. [Herman Melville, "Mardi"]
#207981 - 11/11/12 08:25 AM Re: Shark adjective [Re: gaijin]
The terms for sharks in Latin are mostly borrowed from Greek: alopex (also called volpes marina 'sea-fox; thresher shark'), galeos, pistrix, or pistris 'sea-monster; whale; shark', rhina, and shatina, All of them are kind of rare, and one can borrow them and make them into adjectives in the normal way, but I doubt that anybody would know what you were talking about. I go for pistrix (which is also a homonym for a woman baker < pistor 'one [male] who grinds corn [US grain]'). So, pistrician._________________________
Ceci n'est pas un seing.
#208027 - 11/14/12 04:41 PM Re: Shark adjective [Re: zmjezhd]
Loc: Spam Factory
The Phrontistery, which may be the creation of a fellow AWAD member (if so I forget who), has a wonderful list of "adjectives of relation." That list supplies the word selachian (of, like or pertaining to sharks or rays) as the answer you seek.
Edited by Alex Williams (11/14/12 08:58 PM)
Forum Stats 8850 Members
Max Online: 3341 @ 12/09/11 02:15 PM
Newest Members miriamki, Bhavi, MortezaSamiei, Chirayu, Joyful
8850 Registered Users
Who's Online 1 registered (Jackie), 24 Guests and 4 Spiders online. Key: Admin, Global Mod, Mod
Top Posters (30 Days)
endymion6 98 LukeJavan8 82 wofahulicodoc 67 May 32 A C Bowden 27 Tromboniator 11 BranShea 1 tsuwm 1
wwh 13858 Faldage 13803 Jackie 11613 tsuwm 10531 LukeJavan8 7491 Buffalo Shrdlu 7210 AnnaStrophic 6511 Wordwind 6296 wofahulicodoc 5843 of troy 5400
Board Rules · Mark all read Contact Us · Wordsmith.org · Top
Disclaimer: Wordsmith.org is not responsible for views expressed on this site. Use of this forum is at your own risk and liability - you agree to hold Wordsmith.org and its associates harmless as a condition of using it.
Home | Today's Word | Yesterday's Word | Subscribe | FAQ | Archives | Search | Feedback
Wordsmith Talk | Wordsmith Chat
© 2014 Wordsmith